Overview: The death of 13-year-old Hamza Al-Khatib in 2011 remains today one of the most important "turning points" in the Syrian conflict. But the widely-accepted story - detained from a protest in a mass-arest campaign and killed under torture in a government prison - is not supported by any credible evidence.
Highly unreliable witnesses, who clash with the physical evidence in their rush to cram in propaganda claims, are clear that Hamza was killed after "a month" in prison. But the video and photographic record suggest there was no mass-arrest operation, and the boy was probably killed, along with about 27 other men and boys, during the "protest" of April 29 - a month earlier than claimed.
This would mean they were killed by terrorist provocateurs, intent on blaming the government, and creating an important "turning point" towards greater resistance to them. If so, it worked pretty well, so far.